With top business priorities revolving around fulfilling customer needs, building a robust team structure has become an obvious solution for many organizations. In addition to hiring top tech talent, enterprises must also create a strong software development team structure. In fact, having a team that is built for adaptation is highly beneficial – and this is precisely what Agile team structures do. In this article at Girl’s Guide To Project Management, Elizabeth Harrin explains how Agile team structure works, the roles and responsibilities of each team, and how to analyze if the team is doing a good job with the project.
Agile Teams: Structure that Works
Agile is a method for structuring development teams and a philosophy that helps team members respond faster to changes. Central values include:
- Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
- Working on software over comprehensive documentation
- Interactions over processes and tools
Agile Approach to Team Structure
There are several ways to arrange an Agile software development team. They include generalist, specialist, and hybrid team structures. Let’s take an in-depth look into each of them.
Generalist Agile teams consist of individuals with broad skill sets and expertise. This team is responsible for the end-to-end development of the whole project or individual feature. “If your Agile team is small, the project doesn’t require too much in the way of specialist expertise in any domain, and you have got passionate people, then this can be a great, self-motivated, and driven team,” explains Harrin.
A specialist product team structure involves experts with specific skill sets. These experts are proficient in handling narrow tasks, and everyone is responsible for their project elements. One of the significant drawbacks of this team structure includes communication gaps due to the lack of general knowledge. Specialist teams work most effectively with larger team sizes – more than 20 people.
This team structure is a combination of generalists and specialists. A hybrid team structure works on a project as a whole and can narrow down its focus whenever necessary. However, building a hybrid team is time-consuming and highly expensive. Furthermore, it may be difficult for people to coordinate with different workflow approaches.
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